If you are a driver or fleet manager living in the US, you already know what an ELD is, and whether you fall under the scope of the rule. The ELD rule of December 2019 mandates that every commercial carrier, fleet operator, and truck company must install an FMCSA-approved ELD – (Find out our curated list of Best FMCSA-approved ELD For Trucks). Failure to comply can attract heavy fines and, in extreme cases, revoking of license.
There are certain exceptions to the rule, especially for CMVs with engines manufactured before 2000. But even if your truck is old and has a newer engine you will have to get an ELD.
However, if your truck is old, and you are thinking of disposing of it in the next 4-5 years, you must consider some important factors while choosing an ELD for it. Therefore, to help you out we thought of curating a list of the Best ELD for Old Trucks that you can choose from according to your needs.
What Is An ELD?
An ELD also known as Electronic Logging Device, is a piece of electronic device attached to the vehicle’s engine to record the working hours of the truck drivers. It also records other statistics related to the engine such as miles covered, fuel consumption, vehicle status, etc.
What Is The ELD Rule?
“[FMCSA] announced the adoption of a Final Rule that will improve roadway safety by employing technology to strengthen commercial truck and bus drivers’ compliance with hours-of-service regulations that prevent fatigue.”
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) announced the ELD mandate in December 2017. Back then it was a voluntary activity but only after 2019, it was made compulsory. This rule is applied to all commercial interstate truck drivers, bus drivers, and motor carriers.
What Are The ELD Rule Exemptions?
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration currently allows some exemptions for the ELD:
- Short-haul drivers
- Driveaway- towaway driver
- Vehicles models date back to 1999 or even more early
- Drivers who use the Record of Duty Status (RODS) for less than 8 days in a month
- Agriculture and farm vehicles
What Are The Major Benefits Of An ELD?
Although FMCSA has listed certain exceptions, getting an ELD for your CMV or fleet is still beneficial as it adds efficiency to your fleet management. For example, with an ELD you can monitor the fuel cost, idle timings, vehicle status, and other statistics, saving you thousands of dollars.
Some of the benefits of ELD for your CMV or fleet are:
An ELD automatically records the vehicle’s movement and the driver’s logging time. Traditionally truckers and fleet operators used to track their log-in time manually, requiring a lot of manual paperwork and effort. With the ELD, you can manually record HoS and save records for future use.
IFTA Tax Calculation
According to the International Fuel Tax Agreement, truckers and fleet operators working interstate have to submit quarterly fuel tax reports in each state. This is a tedious job and requires a lot of work hours. With the help of ELD, you can manage to submit your IFTA tax report easily.
ELD can save you thousands of dollars by streamlining and integrating several operational functions into one. With ELD, you can minimize expenses on extra fuel consumption, idling time, and manual paperwork.
An ELD is connected to the vehicle’s diagnostic port and allows you to access the engine statistics. It can help you to detect any kind of fault code and repair it before it becomes a big issue. You can also know which fault is recurring by historical fault code report and repair it by root. This can help you to increase the lifeline of your truck.
Another important benefit of the ELD is GPS-enabled real-time location tracking. Fleet operators can easily monitor the live location of their trucks, hence can improve their communication with the customer.
For example, suppose one truck of your fleet sets out for delivery on a long haul. You have to depend on your driver for the safety of the asset and the time it will be delivered. If for some reason, you lost contact with your trucker how would you ensure the safety of your truck?
This is where the ELD with GPS tracking comes into play. It can help you to have a live location of your truck and can ensure the safe delivery of your asset.
Detect Bad Driving Behavior
ELD is attached to the vehicle’s diagnostic port thereby recording the working hours and generating useful reports. This includes the driving behavior of the truckers like harsh acceleration, sudden brakes, hard cornering, etc. You can hence overcome the upcoming chaos and talk to your drivers and also help them to improve their driving skills.
ELD is important for the safety of drivers and also for those walking on the road. The main motive of the ELD rule was to reduce the working hours of the truck drivers and thereby reduce the number of road accidents.
For example, truck drivers are paid for the hours they work and therefore drivers tend to overwork to earn more. This causes fatigue and drowsiness that can be extremely dangerous while driving. According to a report, collisions involving trucks and trailers are more likely to result in loss of life.
The last but most important benefit for any fleet organization is higher revenues. With the help of ELD, you can reap higher profits than you are earning initially. This is because an ELD would help you to monitor your fleet, perform better fleet management, reduce excess fuel cost, monitor vehicles health, get higher insurance rates, and reduce liabilities. These all will eventually help you to yield higher profits.
What are the Best alternatives for ELD For Old Trucks?
There are plenty of ELDs in the market and hence it is obvious to be confused about which one you should choose. Before selecting any one ELD, you should consider the features, price of the device, monthly subscription, and many more.
Don’t worry; here is the curated list of top ELD for older trucks in the market. The list covers all important features, pricing, subscription, pros, and cons of the ELDs.
ELD for Old Trucks: An Overview
|Features||Matrack ELD||KeepTruckin ELD||EROAD Ehubo ELD||GPSTrackit ELD||Gorilla Safety ELD|
|IFTA Fuel Tax Reporting||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Easy to Use||5.0||4.4||4.2||4.1||3.8|
Is it important for old trucks to have an ELD?
There is a lot of confusion regarding ELD rules for older trucks. To clear all the doubts and throw insight into the exemptions of the rule, FMCSA came forward and made everything clear. It clearly stated that vehicles made before the 2000s, which means engines manufactured before the 2000s are exempted from the rule. Let’s understand this with the help of an example.
For example, if a vehicle is made before 2000 but has an engine manufactured after the 2000s then they have to comply with the ELD rule. Alternatively, if a vehicle is made after the 2000s, but has an engine manufactured before the 2000s is exempted from the rule.
Note: Vehicle registration date or manufacture date is not important.
It is confusing for the old truck drivers and other exemptions to decide whether to employ ELD or not. But even if you are exempted from the rule you can surely employ ELD for better fleet management and to enjoy peace of mind.